A good outline is the most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Make the first outline tentative. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper? State also how you plan to approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in your topic.
BODY — This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the Rule of 3, i. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and end with the strongest argument for your final point. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data.
Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.
You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible.
Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page.
Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e. This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline.
Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.
If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline.
Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. Is my thesis statement concise and clear?
Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay?
Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability. Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples?
Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation?
Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr.
Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the cost of clarity, … and much more. The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. There are several formatting styles typically used. APA American Psychological Association style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format printed, online, e-books etc.
Anti-federalists wanted a complete separation of the judicial, executive, and legislative branches. The Federalist said the maxim of complete separation of powers is misunderstood. The branches need some limited power of the other branches to protect themselves from encroachment of the other branches Federalist The branches need to have the interests of maintaining their powers, and not letting the other branches take that away.
Argument for a single executive, and against a plural executive. It would take too long for the people in the executive position to make decision in an emergency, because they might disagree. In a plural executive, it is hard to tell who is responsible for a wrongdoing because they can all blame each other, so a single executive would lead to more responsible behavior.
Argument in favor of judicial review and terms of good behavior for judges. The Federalist argued that judicial review was necessary to protect the judicial branch from the Legislature. A term of good behavior was necessary to get qualified people for the positions; it would also give them time to develop knowledge.
The dates of the ratification of the Constitution by the States. What did Common Sense say that was so different? It denounced both the monarchy and the English Constitution, which had previously been looked upon as a brilliant political document. Americans realized the inherent fallacies of hereditary government specifically monarchy as well as the English Constitution which protected the monarchy. It called for Americans to disconnect themselves from the flawed British system and create a new one for themselves.
C ommon Sense questioned the long-standing belief that residents of the colonies were inseparably connected to England. It gave them a new identity — Americans rather then Britons.
It also outlined the benefits of a republican government, which would go on to influence the ideas of the Founding Fathers as they created a new government for their new country.
The debate in the American Colonies shifted from that of reconciliation with England to that of independence. It was read by an unprecedented number of colonists and united a great majority of them behind independence.
It inspired American intellectuals with its call for independence, leading to the composition of the Declaration of Independence a mere six months later. It permanently cemented the idea of a republican, non-hereditary government into the heads of Americans. Support for your major points, indicated by capital Arabic numerals i. Douglass as Lecturer A. Garrison set-back and significance D. Douglass as Politician A. Key trait for success B. Goal of political activism C. Black soldier enlistment crusade E.
Describe The Federalist Papers are and when they started b. Argument for the benefit of a Union a. A Union would guard against external dangers b.
Research Paper Outline Examples Once you've decided what topic you will be writing about, the next thing you should pay attention to is the scope of your paper or what you will be including in your discussion.
Nov 13, · How do you Write an "A+" English Paper or Essay: Outline and Procedure. Here are the ABC steps to writing an "A" paper: A. Research. B. Outline. C. Write and Edit. Writing an essay can take forever if you're stuck. logical, useful presentation on writing a high quality English paper! You explain your points through Reviews:
A research paper outline template is a simple tool to set up, and to utilize. The research paper outline helps to clarify the subject of the research paper, guide the subject matter to stay on course, and helps to start the writing of the actual research paper. Davis Oldham's English This is a formal outline for your final research paper. It will present your thesis, the major points in support of that thesis, and the sub-points supporting each major point.
A research paper outline is a helpful tool when writing your research paper. Basically, it helps you organize your ideas, and appropriately place your researched information in the right section. Aside from this, it also helps you to identify what data is valid and irrelevant. Sample MLA Research Paper The research paper on the following pages is an example of how a paper is put together following MLA ovaren.cf title page and outline are not required for MLA papers, but if your instructor asks for one or both, use the models and guidelines that follow.