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Physician Assisted Suicide Pros and Cons Essay Sample

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❶Neither hospice nor euthanasia has the universal answer to all dying.

Why I believe in Voluntary Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

Physician Assisted Suicide Pros and Cons Essay Sample
By Derek Humphry

The laws in the Netherlands, Oregon, and the ones which have failed to pass, all give medical professionals the right to refuse to be involved -- a conscience clause. This exemption will always be so as far as I am concerned. In fact, many patients hold their medical advisors in higher regard if they know that he or she will go to great lengths to keep them from terminal suffering, even to the extent of providing, if necessary, a gracious final exit.

What people often do not realize is that, for many, just knowing how to kill themselves is itself of great comfort. It gives them the assurance to fight harder and therefore often extends lives just a bit longer.

Many people have remarked to me that my book, 'Final Exit' is the best insurance policy they've ever taken out. Once such people know how to make a certain and dignified deliverance, with loved ones supporting them, they will often renegotiate the timing of their death. For example, a man in his 90s called to tell me his health was so bad he was ready to terminate his life.

I advised him to read 'Final Exit,' which he did and he called me back. He had managed to get hold of lethal drugs from a friendly doctor and so everything was in position. Now he had the knowledge, the drugs, and encouraged by the control and choice now in his grasp, he had negotiated new terms with himself concerning his fate.

Surely, for those who want this way, this is commendable and is in fact an extension rather than a curtailment of life's span. Thanks to the work in the last century of a forceful right-to-die movement, a hidden reality has emerged about terminal suffering, indicating that the time has come for change.

What are needed now are laws permitting voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide surrounded with a bodyguard of rules -- but not so many that the patient in unable to jump through all the hoops.

With the inevitability of gradualness, as the idea takes hold amongst rising generations, reform will undoubtedly come. We who believe must ceaselessly work for it. The above essay may be reproduced for scholarly purposes without permission being sought, provided source acknowledgement is given.

Reproduction in any journal or book must have the author's permission. Good Life, Good Death. Books by Derek Humphry. Google News assisted suicide. Yahoo News assisted suicide. Right to Die Organizations. Oregon Assisted Suicide Law.

Assisted-Dying Blog by Derek Humphry. An essay by Derek Humphry The movement for choice in dying is dedicated to the view that there are at least two forms of suicide.

Word origins and euphemisms The word 'euthanasia' comes from the Greek -- Eu, "good", and Thanatos, "death". Suicide, self-deliverance, auto-euthanasia, aid-in-dying, assisted suicide, physician-assisted suicide, physician-assisted dying -- call it what you like -- can be justified by the average supporter of the right to die movement for the following reasons: Advanced terminal illness that is causing unbearable suffering - combined physical and psychic -- to the individual despite good medical care.

This is the most common reason to seek an early end. And as Oregon research has shown, being a burden to others is an additional factor. Total loss of quality of life due to protracted, incurable medical conditions.

Grave physical handicap which is so restricting that the individual cannot, even after due consideration, counseling and re-training, tolerate such a limited existence. This is a fairly rare reason for suicide -- most impaired people cope remarkably well with their afflictions -- but there are some disabled who would, at a certain point, rather die.

What are the ethical parameters for voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide? The person is a mature adult. The exact age will depend on the individual but the person should not be a minor, who comes under quite different laws. The person has clearly made a considered and informed decision. An individual has the ability nowadays to indicate this with a "Living Will" which applies only to disconnection of life supports and can also, in today's more open and tolerant climate about such actions, discuss the option of a hastened death with health professionals, family, lawyers, etc.

But they may not demand it. The euthanasia has not been carried out at the first knowledge of a life-threatening illness, and reasonable medical help has been sought to try to cure or at least slow down the disease. The pro-choice movement does not believe in giving up on life the minute a person is informed of a terminal illness, a common misconception spread by our critics.

Life is precious, you only pass this way once, and is worth a fight. It is when the fight is clearly hopeless and the agony -- physical and mental -- is unbearable that a final exit is an option. The treating physician has been informed, asked to be involved, and the response taken into account. What the physician's response will be depends on the circumstances, of course, but we advise people that as rational suicide is not a crime, there is nothing a doctor can do about it.

But it is best to inform the doctor and listen to the response. For example, the patient might be mistaken -- perhaps the diagnosis has been misheard or misunderstood. In the last century, patients raising this subject were usually met with a discreet silence, or meaningless remarks, but in this century's more accepting climate of personal freedoms most physicians will discuss potential end of life actions, however cautiously.

Three states have lead the way and have allowed physician assisted suicide and I believe that the Nation should follow in their footsteps.

Some are probably thinking what exactly is physician assisted suicide? Well as defined by medicinenet. This is different from euthanasia where the physician is the one who provides and administers the drug that ends the life of the patient with a painful or incurable disease, which is also called a mercy killing. Currently there are three states in the U. Washington was the second state to follow in , with Initiative Measure No. The first requirement is that the patient is an adult, so they have to be over the age of Second, they have to be competent.

This requires that the patients physicians, and psychiatrists or the court, have the opinion that the patient can make informed decisions on their own health care. Third, the patient must have a terminal illness as confirmed by their physician.

Fourth, they must voluntarily express that they would like medication to end their life. Fifth, they must also make a written request for medication that will help end their life so to be tracked by the state government. Finally they must meet requirements of citizenship for that state. All of these requirements must be met in order to qualify; they do not meet qualifications solely on age and disability. This oath cannot be applied to cancer patients. For treatment, cancer patients are given chemotherapy, a form of radioactive medicine that is poisonous to the body.

As a result of chemotherapy, the body suffers incredible pain, hair loss, vomiting, and other extremely unpleasant side effects. Furthermore, to administer numerous drugs to a terminal patient and place him or her on medical equipment does not help anything except the disease itself. Respirators and high dosages of drugs cannot save the terminal patient from the victory of a disease or an illness. Still other people argue that if the right to assisted suicide is given, the doctor-patient relationship would encourage distrust.

The antithesis of this claim is true. Other opponents of assisted suicide insist that there are potential abuses that can arise from legalizing assisted suicide. They claim that terminal patients might be forced to choose assisted suicide because of their financial situation. This view is to be respected. Competent terminal patients can easily see the sorrow and grief that their families undergo while they wait for death to take their dying loved ones away. The choice of assisted suicide would allow these terminally ill patients to end the sorrow and griefof their families as well as their own misery.

The choice would also put a halt to the financial worries of these families. It is all right, please do not worry anymore. There are still some, however, who argue that the right to assisted suicide is not a right that can be given to anyone at all. This claim is countered by a judge by the name of Stephen Reinhardt. This ruling is the strongest defense for the right to assisted suicide. It is an inherent right. No man or woman should ever suffer because he or she is denied the right.

The terminally ill also have rights like normal, healthy citizens do and they cannot be denied the right not to suffer. The right to assisted suicide must be freely bestowed upon those who are terminally ill. This right would allow them to leave this earth with dignity, save their families from financial ruin, and relieve them of insufferable pain. To give competent, terminally-ill adults this necessary right is to give them the autonomy to close the book on a life well-lived.

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Assisted Suicide: Comparative Essay From the beginning of its existence, the sole purpose of the health care industry is to increase the quality of life. However, when a patient’s life is coming to an end, healthcare professionals strive to provide a comfortable death with minimal pain.

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Assisted Suicide Essay Words | 7 Pages. Assisted Suicide (Euthanasia) There probably isn’t one person that can say that they haven’t watched somebody they love in some way suffer from and ultimately die from some sort of unfortunate disease. Assisted suicide is .

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Assisted Suicide Essay. Persuasive Essay Assisted suicide is the suicide of a person, done with the help of another person but mostly a physician. (Wikipedia) This can be a very debatable topic because it has actually been legalized in different parts of the world. Laws making suicide illegal or banning physician-assisted suicide have no such effect on a persons cognitive weighing of the pro's and con's of their decision, therapy would. Laws banning physician-assisted suicide have little or no effect in this area. /5(5).

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Physician Assisted Suicide Pros and Cons Essay Sample. The question is should incurable patients be able to commit physician assisted suicide, and depending on which group you talk to the pros or cons they both have well developed arguments as to which is right and which one is wrong. An essay by Derek Humphry. The movement for choice in dying is dedicated to the view that there are at least two forms of suicide. One is 'emotional suicide', or irrational self-murder, in all of it .