Thus, it is important to draw a clear boundary between pluralistic moral values and other categories of values, such as cultural pluralism or religious pluralism. The establishment of a minimalist common ground is another important principle in the application of moral pluralism. A minimalist common ground requires that ethics be reduced to its most basic elements, those that are required for every human to behave ethically.
Such a methodology is crucial especially in response to a pluralist society today. Before I further reinforce my claim, it is important to recognize a limit of the theory of minimalist ethics. One of the possible fallacies of minimalist ethics is that it implies that an action is ethical as long as it does not hurt anybody. The simplistic and consequentialist nature of this school of ethics provides loopholes for actions done for pure self-interest that indirectly bring negative consequences for others.
Thus, the minimalist approach should only be interpreted as a methodology, not as a moral guidance. It is imperative that the minimalist ground should not be manipulated as the sole justification for all kinds of actions.
How should a minimalist common ground be established to reinforce the applicability of moral pluralism? We should recognize that no single individual or group has precisely the same perception of truth and reality due to the differences in religious faith, personal experience and other factors.
Just as cognitive relativism embraces moral relativism, cognitive diversity promotes different applications of moral values. Such a limit signifies the line between ungrounded perspective such as superstitions and rational logic that is based on empirical examination and truths. William James, a modern advocate of pragmatism, synthesizes the best elements of Empiricism and Idealism. He opposes the prevailing notion of his academic colleagues that only scientific methods can lead to an understanding of the human condition, yet, criticizes any extreme reliance on logic as the sole basis of philosophical truth.
In line with his philosophy, the powerful combination of empirical truth and philosophical logic excludes ungrounded practices that are against common humanity. For example, in Southern Sudan, the practice of sacrificing the spear master by the Dinkas became completely unjustified when the tribe survived after the practice was outlawed. Thus, cognitive or cultural perceptions, which deviate from the examined truth and accepted rationality, should be excluded from the common ground.
Apart from that, to ensure moral progress, the common ground requires that context-independent values not only supercede cultural practices, but also serve to reform the culture itself. A flexibility with regard to the prioritization of moral values is another principle that should be emphasized to ensure that the goal of the common good be achieved.
For pluralism, there is a plurality of reasonable rankings in the light of different equally reasonable conceptions of good life. The central claim of moral pluralism that there is not a single moral value that is superior to others, should not be seem as justifying the claim that there is no possibility of assigning priority among different moral values according to different contexts.
Their use of wit and satire to expose the foibles of the vain, the indolent, and the incompetent had a lasting impact on popular essayists. The latter half of the 18th century was perhaps the pinnacle for the moral essay.
The desire of the rising middle class for social improvement resulted in a ready market for pamphlets, sermons, and moral treatises of every kind. The preeminent practitioner of this art was Samuel Johnson, who found in his Rambler and Idler essays an ideal form for his moral and philosophical inquiry. Although Johnson is not humorless in his essays, he evinces a formality of style and a high moral purpose in most of his work.
His writing on diligence, prudence, piety, and simplicity retains the manner, if not the dogma, of earlier pietist writers. Although diverse in their opinions, all of these writers challenged the established order in some way: Carlyle was an outspoken critic of the philistinism of the commercial class; Mill was a leading voice for liberalism in both intellectual and political causes; Arnold championed the role of culture as the principal impetus toward moral action in society; and Huxley was the leading advocate of abandoning the classical model of education for one founded on science.
Even those essayists whose social agenda was rather traditional, such as John Henry Newman, were writing in reaction to the tides of change around them. The moralist tradition has been preserved in British letters in the 20th century by essayists such as G. Lewis, both of whom laid claim to specifically Christian morals.
More broadly, essayists such as E. Forster and George Orwell appeal to a sense of good manners and fair play. It is difficult to name any major American essayist of the 20th century who could be considered a Johnsonian moralist.
Morality Essay provides you with an insight on the morals of a certain person, culture or race. Since man is a social animal, generally Morality Essay deals with the various social habits and behaviors of men. The fact that how the human kind reacts to these issues by using their moral traits, is a subject of discussion in many a Morality Essay. Morality Essay can have unique identities. Some contributions to Morality Essay have been made by renowned authors, from many parts of the world.
Morality Essay has been written by the famous author Nietzsche as well. This Morality Essay is hugely popular, and has captivated the minds of many readers.
- Morals, Values, and Ethics Morals, values and ethics define who we are and what we believe. Culture, religion, and many other things affect our beliefs. One uses various types off .
Morals, Values, and Ethics Morals, values and ethics define who we are and what we believe. Culture, religion, and many other things affect our beliefs. One uses various types off ethics when surrounded by different groups. Knowing between right and wrong is a good .
Morals more strongly are based on social values of good and bad. Thus good morals can be distinguished from bad morals. It is correct to define them as the norms and the customs that guide the conduct and the way of life towards good, and beliefs are exhibited through acts of good and bad deeds. My morals and ethical values are strongly influenced by my family. My parents have taught me, through their words and example, that marriage is a sacred institution. I do not want to be a divorcee nor do I want my children to be part of a divorced family.
The Importance of Moral Values in Our Life Essay. Positive moral values are important because they allow you to have an overall feeling of peace and joy. Moral values can give meaning and purpose to your life. You are able to direct your behavior towards beneficial and fulfilling activities. Morality is a very sensitive issue, and there are different aspects of morality, which can be mentioned in a morality essay paper. Morality Essay provides you with an insight on the morals of .