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What is a thesis defense?

The Role of PhD Committee Members

❶A PhD candidate is supposed to accomplish extensive research work to fulfill the dissertation requirements with international publications being a mandatory requirement. It speacks of the experience of the person who has guided a number of scholars.

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What is a thesis?
Thesis defense rehearsal

I am someone who thinks about it constantly. So it becomes hard to focus on other things, like taking care of yourself. Once your thesis is turned in to your committee members, during those final two weeks- sleep and a proper diet are KEY. By taking care of yourself, you ensure that you have the highest probability for giving a great thesis defense talk and showing your committee members that you are confident about your project. You know your topic better than anyone. Because of this, you have no reason to be stressed out.

When your committee pushes you and asks you questions, they again will push you to your limits. Remember that they are simply trying to test your knowledge and humble you. Therefore, when you are answering questions, keep your cool and relax. Answer the questions the best that you can and you should have no problem passing. And in all honesty, the prelim or qualifying exam was much harder than the actual defense….

Although I did have an after-party, I did not go to great efforts to plan it like a wedding party. As I said in 5, prioritize and focus on your thesis defense talk and nothing else.

Once you have passed, then you can change your focus. The feeling is indescribable see A good thesis talk also has a good introduction before going on to the next idea or slide. It should flow in a logical manner and be smooth.

Be formal in how you word things i. To give a good introduction, it might be wise to use slides that ask a question in between. Why are you doing this experiment?

Many scientists forget that although they are an expert on their topic, what seems easy and understandable to them-does not apply to others outside of their field. Before you go to your next data slides introduce the idea based on this data I wanted to ask this question. Then tell them WHY you performed this particular experiment which is basically in the form of a question.

Once your audience understands why, go on to the next slide and give them your interpretation. This one is pretty self explanatory. I will say that when it is all said and done, it feels like a huge burden has been lifted off your shoulders. It is emotional and you finally feel that all that hard work and time that you put in over the years-was all worth it in the end. Good luck to all those who are preparing for their defense talk in the future!

Think about what it will be like to get up in front of a large audience and show everyone how you moved a field forward. This is YOUR moment to show everyone you are an expert in your field.

The more you keep this mentality, the better your talk will be. Keep your cool and relax 7 and everything will be fine. One of my committee members actually read my entire thesis, so you never know. I only suggest rereading your entire thesis to keep the info fresh in your mind, which is more likely to help you think on your feet.

Often overlooked during the last 0. Although some PhD stress is inevitable and depends on how you handle it , keeping your physical health in check helps to keep stress levels low and equips you to handle the mental stress. I did write about this earlier in a previous article http: I just defended and kept coming back to these tips while finishing my talk. They are incredibly useful, especially to ignore distractions and keep your cool on defense day.

Thank you a ton for the post! I agree that you should read over the entire thesis. None of my three committee members really even made it to Chapter 3, but at least I was prepared for broad-level questions. Here is a post with some tips from my department. I found them useful! A very good structured guidelines. It speacks of the experience of the person who has guided a number of scholars.

Thanks a lot for useful tips. I am in the process of writing my dissertation, so I will come back to your post in the late period of my degree. It seems that it will be quite different. The defence is of course open to public so everyone can come. The Committee always consists of 9 professors including two officially appointed reviewers of your PhD thesis that wrote and shared their reviews before the defence. I am obliged to give a speech summarizing what I have managed to accomplished during 4-year-research.

I have only 20 minutes to do that. That is why it is so stressful. Each professor from the Committee asks questions on average which means that you will be hit by questions. Here comes the best part. And here we go again. After that you forget what your name is but instead of going to sleep for 5 days you have to go for an official dinner that you pay for with all 9 members of the Committee and continue the chit-chat for like forever. All mentors become douchebags in our eyes at one point or another during our doctorate, it is their job.

With that said, I present in 21 days. I really want to reread my thesis, but every-time I do I find errors. Ack it is soooo discouraging, just silly typos! It is already turned in. It is driving me nuts, I reread the thing a million times and still more typos!!!

Not a confidence builder at this point. I am defending in three days. I am freaking out! I have a committee of four and two of them read and approved my last few chapters and suggested that I move forward. As soon as I set up a defense date, another committee member suggested that I had not gone deep enough and would be hesitant to sign off on my defense for graduation.

Needless to say, my three allotted weeks turned into just four days because I had to rewrite the last three chapters. And I have the same problem of re-reading my thesis and finding errors. It is a necessity though. Omg I totally know the feeling. I dread re-reading that thing! God knows what other dumplings of stress will unveil themselves. Degree-awarding institutions often define their own house style that candidates have to follow when preparing a thesis document. In addition to institution-specific house styles, there exist a number of field-specific, national, and international standards and recommendations for the presentation of theses, for instance ISO Some older house styles specify that front matter title page, abstract, table of content, etc.

The relevant international standard [2] and many newer style guides recognize that this book design practice can cause confusion where electronic document viewers number all pages of a document continuously from the first page, independent of any printed page numbers.

They, therefore, avoid the traditional separate number sequence for front matter and require a single sequence of Arabic numerals starting with 1 for the first printed page the recto of the title page.

Presentation requirements, including pagination, layout, type and color of paper, use of acid-free paper where a copy of the dissertation will become a permanent part of the library collection , paper size , order of components, and citation style, will be checked page by page by the accepting officer before the thesis is accepted and a receipt is issued.

However, strict standards are not always required. Most Italian universities, for example, have only general requirements on the character size and the page formatting, and leave much freedom for the actual typographic details.

A thesis or dissertation committee is a committee that supervises a student's dissertation. In the US, these committees usually consist of a primary supervisor or advisor and two or more committee members, who supervise the progress of the dissertation and may also act as the examining committee, or jury, at the oral examination of the thesis see below.

At most universities, the committee is chosen by the student in conjunction with his or her primary adviser, usually after completion of the comprehensive examinations or prospectus meeting, and may consist of members of the comps committee. The committee members are doctors in their field whether a PhD or other designation and have the task of reading the dissertation, making suggestions for changes and improvements, and sitting in on the defense.

Sometimes, at least one member of the committee must be a professor in a department that is different from that of the student. In the Latin American docta , the academic dissertation can be referred to as different stages inside the academic program that the student is seeking to achieve into a recognized Argentine University , in all the cases the students must develop original contribution in the chosen fields by means of several paper work and essays that comprehend the body of the thesis.

According to a committee resolution, the dissertation can be approved or rejected by an academic committee consisting of the thesis director, the thesis coordinator, and at least one evaluator from another recognized university in which the student is pursuing his or her academic program. All the dissertation referees must already have achieved at least the academic degree that the candidate is trying to reach.

At English-speaking Canadian universities , writings presented in fulfillment of undergraduate coursework requirements are normally called papers , term papers or essays. A longer paper or essay presented for completion of a 4-year bachelor's degree is sometimes called a major paper. High-quality research papers presented as the empirical study of a "postgraduate" consecutive bachelor with Honours or Baccalaureatus Cum Honore degree are called thesis Honours Seminar Thesis.

Major papers presented as the final project for a master's degree are normally called thesis ; and major papers presenting the student's research towards a doctoral degree are called theses or dissertations.

See also compilation thesis. Either work can be awarded a " mention d'honneur " excellence as a result of the decision by the examination committee, although these are rare. A typical undergraduate paper or essay might be forty pages.

Master's theses are approximately one hundred pages. PhD theses are usually over two hundred pages. This may vary greatly by discipline, program, college, or university. However, normally the required minimum study period is primarily depending on the complexity or quality of research requirements. Theses Canada acquires and preserves a comprehensive collection of Canadian theses at Library and Archives Canada ' LAC through partnership with Canadian universities who participate in the program.

At most university faculties in Croatia, a degree is obtained by defending a thesis after having passed all the classes specified in the degree programme. Most students with bachelor's degrees continue onto master's programmes which end with a master's thesis called diplomski rad literally "diploma work" or "graduate work". The term dissertation is used for a doctoral degree paper doktorska disertacija. In the Czech Republic, higher education is completed by passing all classes remaining to the educational compendium for given degree and defending a thesis.

The minimum page length is generally and not formally pages or about , characters , but is usually several times longer except for technical theses and for "exact sciences" such as physics and maths. The word dissertation in French is reserved for shorter 1,—2, words , more generic academic treatises. In Germany, an academic thesis is called Abschlussarbeit or, more specifically, the basic name of the degree complemented by -arbeit e.

For bachelor's and master's degrees, the name can alternatively be complemented by -thesis instead e. Length is often given in page count and depends upon departments, faculties, and fields of study. A bachelor's thesis is often 40—60 pages long, a diploma thesis and a master's thesis usually 60— The required submission for a doctorate is called a Dissertation or Doktorarbeit.

The submission for a Habilitation , which is an academic qualification, not an academic degree, is called Habilitationsschrift , not Habilitationsarbeit. PhD by publication is becoming increasingly common in many fields of study [ citation needed ]. A doctoral degree is often earned with multiple levels of a Latin honors remark for the thesis ranging from summa cum laude best to rite duly.

A thesis can also be rejected with a Latin remark non-rite , non-sufficit or worst as sub omni canone. Bachelor's and master's theses receive numerical grades from 1. In India the thesis defense is called a viva voce Latin for "by live voice" examination viva in short. Involved in the viva are two examiners and the candidate. One examiner is an academic from the candidate's own university department but not one of the candidate's supervisors and the other is an external examiner from a different university.

Engineering qualifications such as BTech, B. In all the cases, the dissertation can be extended for summer internship at certain research and development organizations or also as PhD synopsis. In Indonesia, the term thesis is used specifically to refer to master's theses. The undergraduate thesis is called skripsi , while the doctoral dissertation is called disertasi. In general, those three terms are usually called as tugas akhir final assignment , which is mandatory for the completion of a degree.

Undergraduate students usually begin to write their final assignment in their third, fourth or fifth enrollment year, depends on the requirements of their respective disciplines and universities. In some universities, students are required to write a proposal skripsi or proposal tesis thesis proposal before they could write their final assignment.

If the thesis proposal is considered to fulfill the qualification by the academic examiners, students then may proceed to write their final assignment. In Italy there are normally three types of thesis.

In order of complexity: Thesis requirements vary greatly between degrees and disciplines, ranging from as low as 3—4 ECTS credits to more than Thesis work is mandatory for the completion of a degree.

Malaysian universities often follow the British model for dissertations and degrees. However, a few universities follow the United States model for theses and dissertations. Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses. In Pakistan, at undergraduate level the thesis is usually called final year project, as it is completed in the senior year of the degree, the name project usually implies that the work carried out is less extensive than a thesis and bears lesser credit hours too.

The undergraduate level project is presented through an elaborate written report and a presentation to the advisor, a board of faculty members and students.

At graduate level however, i. A written report and a public thesis defense is mandatory, in the presence of a board of senior researchers, consisting of members from an outside organization or a university.

A PhD candidate is supposed to accomplish extensive research work to fulfill the dissertation requirements with international publications being a mandatory requirement. The defense of the research work is done publicly. However, in Philippine English , the term doctorate is typically replaced with doctoral as in the case of "doctoral dissertation" , though in official documentation the former is still used. The Philippine system is influenced by American collegiate system, in that it requires a research project to be submitted before being allowed to write a thesis.

This project is mostly given as a prerequisite writing course to the actual thesis and is accomplished in the term period before; supervision is provided by one professor assigned to a class.

This project is later to be presented in front of an academic panel, often the entire faculty of an academic department, with their recommendations contributing to the acceptance, revision, or rejection of the initial topic. In addition, the presentation of the research project will help the candidate choose their primary thesis adviser. An undergraduate thesis is completed in the final year of the degree alongside existing seminar lecture or laboratory courses, and is often divided into two presentations: In most universities, a thesis is required for the bestowment of a degree to a candidate alongside a number of units earned throughout their academic period of stay, though for practice and skills-based degrees a practicum and a written report can be achieved instead.

The examination board often consists of 3 to 5 examiners, often professors in a university with a Masters or PhD degree depending on the university's examination rules. Required word length, complexity, and contribution to scholarship varies widely across universities in the country.

Students should also consult with their program to determine if the program requires registration. Students may petition for zero 0 hours once the preliminary exam is passed, assuming all requirements are completed except for the dissertation. See additional information on zero-hour registration.

Note for Student Visa Holders: The rationale for the regulation is that zero-hour registration is allowed for students on a visa only if all requirements other than the thesis or master's project are completed, and registration for more than zero hours indicates that they did not originally qualify, and, are thus out of status. All candidates for the Ph. The advisor is considered the primary reader of the dissertation.

The defense must be open to the academic community of the University and be publicly announced one week prior to its occurrence. The dissertation committee is appointed by the Dean of the Graduate College on the recommendation of the student's department or program. The defense committee consists of at least five persons, of whom one must be from outside their program. The chair of the committee must be a full member of the UIC graduate faculty. At least two members of the committee must be tenured faculty at UIC; at least one must be from outside the degree-granting program, which may include graduate faculty from other UIC departments or colleges.

The outside member can also be from outside the University in which case the member must demonstrate equivalent academic standards; the member's curriculum vitae must accompany the Committee Recommendation form.

What is a thesis defense?

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Before the committee gets the thesis, I've done a first or sometimes second reading, but the whole point of the committee is to keep the advisor honest (and complement his or her knowledge or taste). Committee members attend the PhD defense, usually in person. Typically, this lasts about 90 minutes.

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A defense presents evidence for a thesis. What kind of evidence is apprpropriate depends on what kind of thesis is being defended. Thesis: process X is a feasible way to do task Y. One defense for this kind of claim is an analysis of the complexity, or completeness, or whatever, of the theoretical algorithm. Thesis Defense Before completion of a doctoral degree, you must have your dissertation accepted for defense by your review committee. You must then pass a dissertation defense, which is a final examination on your dissertation and related topics.

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📝 PhD thesis defense help: dissertation defense presentation, thesis defense speech, thesis proposal presentation, dissertation writing/editing and much more💪Take on board the advice of the most successful post-doctoral researchers and ace your PhD thesis defense. If you’re researching a master’s degree, you’ll likely come across the phrase “thesis defense” among the list of requirements for earning an advanced degree. This formal-sounding requirement usually comes at the end of a graduate program.