The Ardennes Offensive undertaken by the German army in December of was their last concentrated thrust of offensive activity in the war, and was their final attempt to drive the massive Allied Expeditionary force out of Western Europe Showed first characters. Showed next characters. For your convenience Manyessays provide you with custom writing service. All papers are written from scratch by only certified and experienced writers. Please contact our custom service if you have any questions concerning our service.
Please enter a valid e-mail address. It was not surprising that many of the army men and military officers were looking forward to end of War by 1st January, However, hopes of a quick victory took a setback as US intelligence gathered rumors mentioning a massive German counter attack. Prisoners captured and deserters from German army mentioned of large scale congregation of German military machine and personnel.
By 9th December, there were unconfirmed reports in Allied camps of an impending German maneuver, but there was hardly any decisive or concrete information available on which to base the response. For a short time the Army generals believed the military amassment to be of defensive in nature, aimed at protecting German borders Astor, Meanwhile, around 12th of December, in several cases of interrogation of bordering civilians, Allied soldiers learned of heavy movement of military equipments as well as arrival of hardcore Nazi troops —Wafen SS from Italy Astor, The reports created a scene of impending offensive assault.
However, the report took more than a day in making its way to Army headquarters. As a matter of fact, riding on their feats of victory over Nazi Army in recent battles, American army had dangerously dropped its guard and slumbered in a zone of complacency.
German spies reported that American guards manned their post for an hour after dark and then returned to base to emerge at the dawn. This was in total disregard to the alert and caution required at the time of ongoing war situation. As confirmed by American commander of division, before bulge, they were a nine to five army in Ardennes. The Nazi Ardennes offensive was prepared by Hitler himself and it was based on standard German strategy of achieving maximum damage through surprise.
Towards this purpose, German forces maintained total radio silence, putting Allied forces completely in dark on the movements and intentions of their enemies. While Allied armies rested through first half of December, German panzer divisions, supported by large number of infantry troops were stealthily filtering through forests of Ardennes to catch Americans unprepared and off guard Astor, Germany had indeed the plan well laid out for they had deliberately selected the most vulnerable section of American division for the first salvo.
German batteries opened fire on the early morning of 16th December, The sixth panzer division showered 99th division with heavy mortars and shells, severely destroying Allied communication lines Astor, The Fifth Panzer division, supported by Seventh Army, tore into Allied forces, virtually annihilating the opposition out of way. The attack was so intense that it literally cut down large number of trees surrounding the Allied camps, and falling tree trunks became another mortal hazard for the soldiers scrambling for cover and their life.
Allied forces soon galvanized their response and within an hour of initiating attack, the th division found itself facing a barrage of shots and ammunition from Allied forces, and especially American soldiers. In fact at many places German forces suffered heavy casualty. However, German preparations were fairly elaborate and troops stationed near Sauer River and Sauer town witnessed the amazing scene of searchlights reflected through low hanging clouds, illuminating long stretches of path for German forces while providing little guidance to Allied troops of the location or position of their formidable adversaries Astor, The adversaries indeed proved too formidable and they incessantly and mercilessly poured down heavy shells, bombs and fire on a force caught completely off balance.
The impact of the German affront forced American divisions to move back; they hoped to assemble at a safe place and then mount an effective counter strike. But the rapidly advancing tanks units of German Army stripped the retreating American troops of any assemblage point inflicting waves after waves of massive casualty.
To support the army motorized units, approximately thousand planes of Luftwaffe hovered over the scene, dropping paratroopers, reconnaissance and when the opportunity presented, strike the visible American targets.
The swift German attack had also been successful in creating wedge between First and Third Army, and separated British forces from American units. The German armies continued their rampant attack for three full days, causing heavy casualties on Allied forces. Meanwhile, the Allied generals, under leadership of General Eisenhower and command of General Patton were already planning counteroffensive against German divisions.
Eisenhower and the Allied command well understood the fact that German were counting on their success upon same speed and thrust that had achieved in the initial years of wars Astor, However, Ardennes presented a different topography that was too rough and too uneven for quick, breezy movements.
Further, the time of year being December, the entire area was covered with snow and it considerably slowed down German Operations. The principle aim of advancing German army was to cross the Meuse River, using the cover of surprise and stealth for their infantry to cut through Allied lines. Behind them Panzer divisions would coast easily, mowing down remaining resistance and cross the River. Once across the river, they would turn and head for the crucial port of Antwerp that they aimed to capture in order to cut off Allied supplies and force them to capitulation.
However, German forces, in all their haste to advance, could not discount the natural adversities of fog, snow, inclement weather and hostile terrain. The Allied armies used these natural disadvantages well against advancing German battalions to halt them in their track and in the process cause severe damage to their resources. The Allied high command also sent quick reinforcement to flanks under pressure of heavy enemy fire thereby negating the German success.
Army command on 16 December were deployed north of the Belgian Ardennes. At Spa, which had served the German Emperor as headquarters in World War I, the First Army had established its command post surrounded on every side by service installations, supply dumps, and depots. Verviers, an important and densely stocked railhead lay eleven miles north of Spa.
The German Army casualty rate spiked at a ratio of As a result, the division suffered deaths and 2, casualties. However in the north, the American Army caused the death of over 4, German soldiers and 60 tanks. Eisenhower, a noted historian, stated that " The German Army later on won the battle and captured about men, were about 84 of the Prisoners of War were massacred.
The Battle of the Bulge was a battle that changed the world forever. This battle was started by Adolf Hitler on December 16, He saw the allied alliance between Britain, France, and the United States and claimed it was too weak.
The Battle of the Bulge Essays: Over , The Battle of the Bulge Essays, The Battle of the Bulge Term Papers, The Battle of the Bulge Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.
The Battle of the Bulge Essay Words | 8 Pages. The Battle of the Bulge The post D-Day Allied assault that swept through France was halted by Hitler’s unexpected counter-attack through the Ardennes, resulting in a confrontation named the Battle of the Bulge. Read Battle of the Bulge free essay and over 88, other research documents. Battle of the Bulge. On December 16, , during the Battle for Elsenborn Ridge, the Allied forces held off Germany's mightiest armored division: the /5(1).
Battle Of The Bulge Essay Words | 7 Pages. The Battle of the Bulge The battle of the bulge was Hitler's last chance to win the war or at least make the allies go for a treaty. He did this because his forces were being pushed back into Germany and soon they would run out of supplies and other resources for war. Battle of the Bulge Essay - The Battle of the Bulge was one of the most important battles in the European Theater during the Second World War. It was also “The largest and bloodiest battle in American History”(4). The Battle of the Bulge was fought from December 16th to January 25th (4).