This right entitles every citizen, who feels that his rights are being encroached upon, to move the Supreme Court, High Court or any other court. The Supreme Court is the custodian of our fundamental rights. In fact, without these rights, the other rights would be quite meaningless.
The Constitution confers on us fundamental rights, but every right carries a duty with it. If we have certain rights, we also have certain duties towards our country.
According to the 42nd Amendment in the Constitution, the fundamental duties are as follows:. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national flag and the national anthem;. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;. To uphold and protect this sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;.
To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistics and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;. To protect and improve he natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;. To develop a scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;.
To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement. Preserve Articles is home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge.
Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages: Essay on the constitution of India Nandita. The farming of our constitution Indians had been demanding complete independence since Fundamental Rights The fundamental rights are regarded as the soul of our Constitution. Freedom of speech and expression; b. Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms; c. Freedom to form associations or unions; d. Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India; e.
Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the country; and f. Light to Freedom of Religion: Cultural and Educational Rights: Right to Constitutional Remedies: Fundamental Duties The Constitution confers on us fundamental rights, but every right carries a duty with it.
According to the 42nd Amendment in the Constitution, the fundamental duties are as follows: To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national flag and the national anthem; 2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; 3.
To uphold and protect this sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so; 5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistics and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; 6.
George Washington, from Virginia, took the chair as president of the convention. And James Madison, also from Virginia, earned the nickname "Father of the Constitution" because time and again his brilliant ideas and tireless energy kept the convention moving toward its goal. Almost immediately after the convention opened, a struggle developed between the delegates of the large and small states as to what form the new government should take.
The more populous states supported the Virginia Plan , which proposed that representation within the government should be based on the size of a state's population. The plan was designed to give states with large populations a proportionately large share of decision-making power.
Less populous states, however, supported the New Jersey Plan , by which every state, regardless of size, would have the same representation within the government. The convention came to a standstill until the delegates from Connecticut devised an ingenious way to settle the dispute.
The Connecticut Compromise also known as the Great Compromise called for the creation of a bicameral two-house legislature, or Congress. One of the two houses of the new Congress the House of Representatives would be elected according to the states' relative populations. The other house the Senate would give equal voice to each state no matter what its size.
Once this breakthrough had occurred, the delegates agreed more readily on most of the remaining issues. On September 17, , the Constitution was signed by 39 of the original 55 delegates.
Several had left the convention altogether. Three others — Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts and George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginia — refused to sign because they lacked confidence in the document's ability to rule the nation. But although no one realized it at the time, the document the delegates signed that day not only gave rise to the government of a new nation, but became a symbol of hope for oppressed peoples all over the world.
The Constitution was signed by most of the delegates who created it. Yet the task still remained for the states' governments to approve it. The Constitution itself specified that 9 of the 13 states would have to ratify the document before it could become effective. Delaware had the honor of being the first state to approve the Constitution on December 7, But the remaining drive for ratification was far from easy.
In three of the largest states — Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia — the contest was close. And the founders knew that the new government would have no chance of succeeding without the support of these large states. So they mounted a campaign in defense of the Constitution by publishing a series of essays in New York newspapers.
These essays, which came to be known as The Federalist , were written under the name Publius, a pen name adopted by the authors James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. Finer briefly defines a constitution as a "system of fundamental political institutions. As this philosophy changes constitution also changes either through law or through conventions. According to Gettle, "the fundamental principles that determine the form of a state are called its constitution.
In fact, in every constitution, today, we find both elements, i. It should prescribe the powers of the government and its different organs, i. In federal government, it distributes powers between the federal centre and the federating units. It should provide for the relation between the governors and the governed i. The constitutions were first classified by Aristotle on the basis of the quantity and quality.
An Essay on the Constitution - After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism.
The document I chose to write about is the United States Constitution. When the thirteen British colonies in North America declared their independence in , they laid down that “governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” The.
Free Essay: The Constitution The Constitution of the United States was written as a set of rules for this country. Many of the "rules" have helped. Free Essay: When the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution in , the United States just had 13 states. The Founding Fathers believed that more states.
U.S Constitution essays In , a few years after America broke away from England, the constitution we use today was made. Before that, starting in , the states operated under a government they called the "Articles of Confederation." This government basically said that each state shou. Constitution Essay Our constitution is the basis of what this country is about. This country stands for freedom and starting a life where you truly have the free will to .