Expecting people to pay to return postal questionnaires is sheer folly, and drawing up a really lengthy questionnaire will also inhibit response rates. You will need to ensure that questions are clear, and that you have reliable ways of collecting and managing the data. Setting up a questionnaire that can be read by an optical mark reader is an excellent idea if you wish to collect large numbers of responses and analyse them statistically rather than reading each questionnaire and entering data manually.
You would find it useful to consult the range of full and excellent research books available. These will deal in much greater depth with the reasons for, processes of holding, and processes of analysing data from the variety of research methods available to you. Home Research methods Choosing appropriate research methodologies Choosing appropriate research methodologies Choosing qualitative or quantitative research methodologies Your research will dictate the kinds of research methodologies you use to underpin your work and methods you use in order to collect data.
Interviews Interviews enable face to face discussion with human subjects. If you decide to use interviews: Draw up a set of questions that seem appropriate to what you need to find out. Do start with some basic closed questions name etc. Don't ask leading questions.
Try them out with a colleague. Pilot them, then refine the questions so that they are genuinely engaged with your research object. Contact your interviewees and ask permission, explain the interview and its use. Thematically analyse results and relate these findings to others from your other research methods. Questionnaires Questionnaires often seem a logical and easy option as a way of collecting information from people.
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Your email address will not be published. Share this with your friends. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Qualitative Social Work, Vol. As you can see, both these approaches to research have the possibility of finding out useful information for social care practitioners: What matters is that the research is 'fit for purpose' and carried out in a rigorous and appropriate way.
Social work researchers who are concerned with social justice aim to develop an anti-discriminatory consciousness to conduct their research in anti-oppressive ways.
Such an attitude will inform every stage of the research process, from the conception of the research through to the planning, the methods and the reporting. There are a number of principles to keep in mind in conducting research in an anti-discriminatory way. Knowledge, especially for and about social life, is not produced in a vacuum - as knowledge producers, researchers and evaluators are located within a complex set of social structures.
Their identities, motives and agendas will impact on the questions they ask, the methods they use and the conclusions they draw. Instead of an assumption of a neutral, objective stance, anti-discriminatory researchers need to be concerned with the moral and political questions that affect the lives of the people being researched, including understanding how the language of power, oppression and domination is used.
This may lead them to reject some methods as incompatible with this stance. Anti-discriminatory research does not necessarily imply only qualitative methods. For example, in a survey of gay men's health needs conducted by Truman et al.
This is an example of a quantitative study that set out to apply anti-discriminatory principles. People who are the focus of research are often those who may be vulnerable and in relatively powerless positions. In some research they have no control over how they are represented in the research reports.
As a result, some research presents people's experiences from the perspectives of dominant cultures and groups. Anti-discriminatory research seeks to work in a participatory, user-involved or controlled way to develop methodologies that are respectful, ethical, sympathetic and authentic. Service users and other research participants can design and take part in, or run, investigations, rather than only 'being on the receiving end'. Where possible research should be a negotiated process between researchers and participants, including the interpretation of any findings.
Social workers and others may be involved in producing data indirectly, by being asked to collect statistics and other information for monitoring purposes. These may be used for purposes they do not support e. They and their professional organisations need to ask how routinely recorded information is being used.
Data protection restrictions have helpfully ensured that information about service users cannot be used routinely for research or other purposes for which it was originally intended. Learning route Why be research minded? Research in social work and social care Making sense of research Understanding social care research Theory and methodology Research designs The misuse of research Finding resources References Useful organisations.
Research mindedness The importance of theory and methodology in research All research contains theory in some form, and social work research is no exception. Theory will manifest itself to some degree in: How do you think about the people you work with, in one of these ways or another?
How do you think about your friends and relatives in this sense?
Research Methodology is a way to find out the result of a given problem on a specific matter or problem that is also referred as research problem. In Methodology, researcher uses different criteria for solving/searching the given research problem.
In addition, it is important to examine study methods and data from different viewpoints to ensure a comprehensive approach to the research question. In conclusion, there is no one formula for developing a successful study, but it is important to realize that the research process is cyclical and iterative.
In writing a research proposal you need a methodology to explain where you are coming from and why you want to do the research in a particular way. An assessing committee, a referee, a funding agency will all want to be assured that your research question is a good question that needs asking, that your approach will answer your question or. Why should I learn Research Methodology? From initiation of a research idea to the ultimate culmination in publication there are many segments; initiation of a research idea, thorough literature search, formulation of a research question, proper study design, possible source of funding, conduction of research, analysis of data obtained, proper interpretation of results and publication in a peer-reviewed .
The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability. Video: The Importance of Understanding Research Methodology This lesson will show you why it is necessary to understand the research methods that are used in human growth and development.